عنوان مقاله [English]
Evaluation of Land Consolidation Effects on Development of Agriculture in Rural Areas,
(Case Study: khoosf District of Birjand)
Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Birjand
Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Payame Noor University
Master's Degree of Geography and rural Planning, University of Birjand
Since one of the most important obstacles in agriculture development and also rural development as its consequence, is the traditional farming system, it is necessary to investigate various aspects of this system especially its review, and evolution in owenershion and land shape, and other affairs in this regard in a way that using modern methods be possible. Assessment and investigation of some basic and under implementation plans such as farm land consolidation is one of the most important factors hindering land dispersal and leads crucial changes in current production system. The Results of this study show that the performance of this program in the studied area accompanied by reducing the number of farming lands, caused economizing in organization and reduction of costs in farming productions and also use of new technology in lands are followed by increasing the production and farmer’s income.
Due to close relation between agriculture and rural area (village), agriculture development becomes meaningful in the context of rural development. On the other hand, agriculture development to implement appropriate evolutions and changes for spreading activities scope, extending affaires and increasing functions, will follow rural development (Shadbazi, 1372:10).
Since farming land consolidation involves optimum use of water, implementing this plan in dry areas, seems necessary. So by reducing production costs we make a great impact on rural economy. Main questions of the study in pilot can be conveyed as what the effect of implementing farming land consolidation plan was on cost savings of production sections and costs reduction. Whether farming land consolidation leads an increase in crop production and farmers income improvement. And finally, by implementing farming land consolidation plan, which changes occurred in modern technology in lands.
Explorations and assessments are done in this field in different areas to understand this problem that which of the certain goals are done, and positive and negative results in different economical and social views are very important for development of the designs of land consolidation to the same geographical areas.
The current study is an applied one, used descriptive –analytical method along with a survey approach, and the required data were gathered through questionnaire, interview, and observation.
Data were analyzed through t-test using SPSS and Excel. The subjects involve 73 farmers in Kanghond and Gheisabad who took part in farming land consolidation and they were wholly investigated.
4- Discussion & Conclusion
In order to answer research questions and to evaluate the role of agricultural lands in the domain of Land Consolidation, t-test was used. Test results show that the consolidation effect of the consumption of fertilizers has not a significant impact on the case (such as number of crops, seed consumption, production cost, etc.). The results of such research can include:
32% reduction in the number of farm lands of each beneficiary
20 percent cost savings in water consumption and optimal water use
56.03% increase of under cultivation area
29.5percentage in production costs reduction
56.4percentage in production rate increase
56.3percentage of gross income increase
Some of the consequences of implementing the farming land consolidation plan for agricultural lands in the studied area are mentioned here. After consolidating lands and using agricultural machinery, each beneficiary’s spare time increased, and the farmers (beneficiaries) took a chance to take part in other activities and to do economical affairs. All the mentioned cases besides achieving aims of implementing plan, leads farmers demands for implementing the plan in those farming lands not being involved in consolidation plan.
Implementing farming land consolidation in two third of remained lands with governmental help and support based on beneficiaries demanded for developing the plan to other lands.
Using plan pilot as a prototype farm for other farmers’ visits that could be effective in implementing farming land consolidation in other provinces.
According to working hours reduction after implementing consolidation plan in farming lands, correct planning programs for employment of rural farmers and women seems necessary. In line with that, creating of related industries such as livestock or poultry used for beneficiaries’ employment and optimal use of provided leisure time is essential, so as a side job to provide a source of income for the rural.
Agriculture development, Land consolidation, khoosf District, Birjand
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