شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی محرک‌های بهره‌گیری از شهر فشرده (مطالعه‌ی موردی: شهر اهواز)

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پراکنده‌‌رویی شهری به‌عنوان یک الگوی نامعتبر و ناکارآمد در نظر گرفته می‌شود که سکونتگاه‌های انسانی و فعالیت‌های اقتصادی را در حومه‌ی شهر پراکنده می‌کند. جنبه‌های منفی پراکنده‌رویی شهری، جامعه‌ی مدیریت زمین را برای یافتن راه‌حل‌های پایدار برای این پدیده برانگیخت. یکی از این راهکارها، ایده‌ی شکل‌گیری شهرهای فشرده است. هدف پژوهش، شناسایی و بررسی محرک‌های بهره‌گیری از شهر فشرده در شهر اهواز است. پژوهش از نظر هدف، کاربردی، از نظر روش، توصیفی–تحلیلی است. جامعه‌ی آماری شامل 10 نفر از مدیران شهری و پژوهشگران شهر اهواز هستند. از تکنیک ANP < /span> به‌عنوان ابزاری برای اولویت‌بندی محرک‌ها استفاده شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که محرک افزایش جمعیت، بالاترین امتیاز را به دست آورده است. در بررسی ابعاد اصلی، بعد اجتماعی بالاترین وزن را کسب کرده است و بعدازآن ابعاد کالبدی-فضایی، محیطی و اقتصادی قرار گرفته‌اند. نتایج حاکی از این است که محرک‌ها و عوامل زیادی در ابعاد اجتماعی، کالبدی، محیطی، اقتصادی در ضرورت بهره‌گیری از شهر فشرده برای مقابله با پراکنده‌رویی و تحقق پایداری در شهر اهواز وجود دارد و این نتایج در جهت‌گیری اقدامات برنامه‌ریزی شهری و نگرش‌های مدیران شهری می‌تواند تأثیرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identify and investigate the drivers to use the compact city (Case study: Ahvaz city)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahmood Arvin
  • ahmad pourahmad
  • Keramatullah Ziyari
  • saeed zangenh shahraki
چکیده [English]

The compact city as a tool to limit energy consumption and urban sprawl is a key element in the sustainable city debate. The purpose of this research is Identify and investigate the drivers to use the compact city in Ahvaz city. The present research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of descriptive-analytical method. The statistical population includes 10 city managers and researchers in Ahvaz. The ANP technique has been used as a tool to prioritize the drivers. The results show that the population growth driver has earned the highest rating and then respectively located low building density in the city, increased migration, long distances from services and commercial centers, need for housing, More spatial disintegration, internal deterioration, hot weather, the presence of vacant lands, decreased security due to vacant lands, reduced surveillance and increased crime in suburban areas, pollution due to improper location of heavy polluting industries in urban areas, pollution caused by private cars, inadequate water and sewage services in law-density neighborhoods and suburbs, Increased surface runoff due to expansion of impermeable areas, loss of palms and agricultural lands, cost of construction for the owner, inadequate service of the bus organization in the suburbs, increasing energy costs, high cost of facilities and infrastructure, increasing travel costs, increasing flood vulnerability due to construction along the river, youth population and desire for urban life, young households 'demand for housing, low-income households' desire to live in apartments, the tendency of owners and peddlers to increase the number of floors, inadequate service of taxi drivers in low-density neighborhoods and suburbs, suitable slope for construction, inadequate service of cultural centers in low-density neighborhoods and suburbs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Urban Sustainable Development
  • compact city
  • Urban Sprawl
  • Driver
  • Ahvaz
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